Lesson 2: Parts of Speech


Different parts of speech:





Proper nouns are special nouns that name places, people and events such as holidays.  Proper nouns take capital letters.


Germany New Year's Day Dr. Stevens
Thomas San Francisco Lincoln Memorial

Plural nouns are nouns that refer to more than one.  Plural nouns generally take an s at the end.


1 bicycle 2 bicycles
1 telephone 8 telephones
1 magazine 20 magazines



Pronouns include I, me, he, she, it, you, they, we, her, them, him, and us.

Subject pronouns are pronouns used to replace nouns that served as the subject of the sentence.  Subject pronouns include I, she, he, we, it, they and you.


It came in the mail.
Julia and I went ice-skating at the rink.
She dances as gracefully as her mother.

We drove to Texas in two days.

You and I need to do homework.
They needed to borrow a hammer.
He speaks Portuguese fluently.


Action verbs are verbs that show action.  Examples:

jump work wash
run skip dance

Present tense verbs are verbs used to express action that is happening now.  Past tense verbs are verbs used to express action that happened in the past.  Past tense verbs often have -ed at the end, but not always.  Examples:

 Present tense verbs Past tense verbs
I do my homework before I  play video games. Last night, I did my homework before I played video games.
Julie washes her own clothes. Julie washed her own clothes last weekend.


Adjectives can be used to tell number.


I saw many ducks. I read two books.
I ate twelve tarts. I watched a dozen movies.

Adjectives can be used for comparison.  When comparing two things, the adjective often has -er at the end, but not always.  When comparing more than two things, the adjective often has -est at the end, but again, not always.

soft softer softest
funny funnier funniest
big bigger biggest


Lee gave Nina a soft teddy bear.
Juan has a softer teddy bear.
Stacy has the softest teddy bear.

Some special adjectives are called articles.  These adjectives are

a an the
A monkey and an eagle went to the coffee shop around the lane.


Adverbs can be created by adding -ly to an adjective.

quick quickly   beautiful beautifully
generous generously   sad sadly